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The Oliver Typewriter The Oliver Typewriter
No. 1 No. 2 No. 3 No. 5 No. 7 No. 9 No. 11
No. 4 No. 6 No. 8 No. 10 No. 12 No. 16
No. 15 (Gen. I) No. 16 Four Bank No. 20 No. 15 (Gen. II) No. 21 Remodelled
Fortuna / S.I.M. Patria Courier Eaton's Simpson's Consort M-Series
No. 3 (L) No. 5 (L) No. 6 (L) No. 7 (L) No. L-10 No. L-12 No. L-13 Revilo No. 5 Revilo No. 9
Courier Jacobi Jwic
Monopol-Stolzenberg No. 2 Monopol-Stolzenberg No. 3 Stolzenberg No. 3 Stolzenberg No. 4
Canadian No. 2 Canadian No. 3 Woodstock
Way-billing Four Bank Prototype

Fabrik Stolzenberg Olivers

Oliver Monopol-Stolzenberg No. 2
Oliver Monopol-Stolzenberg No. 2
Serial number 25929 | Made around 1900
German "QWERTZ" keyboard
Oliver Monopol-Stolzenberg No. 3
Oliver Monopol-Stolzenberg No. 3
Serial number 36215 | Made in 1901

Oliver Stolzenberg No. 3
Oliver Stolzenberg No. 3
Serial number 175026 | Made in 1907
German "QWERTZ" keyboard
Oliver Stolzenberg No. 4
Oliver Stolzenberg No. 4
Serial number D1379 | Made around 1905

Oliver Nos. 2, 3, and 4 were distributed throughout Europe by a company called Fabrik Stolzenberg (Stolzenberg Factory). They were based in Oos Baden-Baden, a city in Baden-Württemberg in southwestern Germany, with subsidiaries in Berlin, Hamburg, and Cologne.

Fabrik Stolzenberg sold the Oliver No. 2 as the Oliver Monopol-Stolzenberg. This name initially carried over to the Oliver No. 3. Sometime between serial numbers 55756 and 89075, the "Monopol" was dropped and the Oliver 3 machines were branded as "Stolzenberg". Once the Oliver No. 4 was introduced 1904, Fabrik Stolzenberg sold it as the Oliver Stolzenberg No. 4.

Aside from the decals, the only major difference from the standard Olivers sold in the US is the margin release keys. US machines have black keys labelled "Right" and "Left"; these are the larger size keys used for the "CAP" and "FIG" keys. In contrast, machines sold by Fabrik Stolzenberg use unmarked white keys as margin release keys. These are the same size keys used for the characters on the keyboard. It is also worth mentioning that the Monopol-Stolzenberg No. 2 has a white left margin release key whereas No. 2s sold in the US didn't have any margin release keys. It appears that the left margin release key on the Oliver 2 is a feature that is only seen on machines sold in Europe.

The serial numbers for the Oliver Monopol-Stolzenberg and Stolzenberg models are intermixed with their respective serial number range. Therefore, it is hard to know how many of each model were distrubuted by Fabrik Stolzenberg. I have the only Monopol-Stolzenberg No. 2 known to exist. I know of three Monopol-Stolzenberg No. 3 machines in existance. The Oliver Stolzenberg No. 3 is by far the most common Stolzenberg model; there are so many that I have lost count. In contrast, I only know of two Oliver Stolzenberg No. 4 machines in existance.

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SERIAL NO.
DATE
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NO. 3 / MONOPOL-STOLZENBERG NO. 3 / STOLZENBERG NO. 3 INTRODUCED
35001
1901
EARLIEST KNOWN MONOPOL-STOLZENBERG NO. 3
36215
1901
LATEST KNOWN MONOPOL-STOLZENBERG NO. 3
55756
EARLIEST KNOWN STOLZENBERG NO. 3
89705
"OLIVER" TRADEMARKED IN MEXICO
MAY 15, 1905
EARLIEST KNOWN LATIN AMERICAN OLIVER
146518
162732
NOV? 1906
LAST NO. 3 PRODUCED
183000
MAR 1907

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Sources
  1. Dingwerth, L. (2008). Kleines Lexikon Historischer Schreibmaschinen. Delbrück, Germany: Verlag Kunstgrafik Dingwerth GmbH.

  2. Sellers, A. (1994, December). The First Woodstock. ETCetera No. 29, 3.

  3. The Linotype Company. (1899, May). Battle of Detroit: An Impartial Account of the Fierce War Waged in the Board of Education By the Typewriter Trust Against the Oliver Typewriter, in the Year 1899. Montreal, Canada.

  4. Liste der Herstellungsdaten Gangbarer Schreibmaschinen, published by Wochenschrift für Papier, Otto Hoffmann. 1941, Verlag, Berlin.

  5. Liste der Herstellungsdaten Deutscher und Ausländischer Schreibmaschinen, 10 Auflage. 1955, Burghagen Verlag, Hamburg.

  6. Liste der Herstellungsdaten Deutscher und Ausländischer Schreibmaschinen mit Wichtigen Technischen Daten. Herbert F. W. Schramm. 11 Auflage, 1962, Burghagen Verlag, Hamburg.