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The Oliver Typewriter The Oliver Typewriter
No. 1 No. 2 No. 3 No. 5 No. 7 No. 9 No. 11
No. 4 No. 6 No. 8 No. 10 No. 12 No. 16
No. 15 (Gen. I) No. 16 Four Bank No. 20 No. 15 (Gen. II) No. 21 Remodelled
Fortuna / S.I.M. Patria Courier Consort M-Series
No. 3 (L) No. 5 (L) No. 6 (L) No. 7 (L) No. L-10 No. L-12 No. L-13 Revilo No. 5 Revilo No. 9
Courier Jacobi Jwic
Monopol-Stolzenberg No. 2 Monopol-Stolzenberg No. 3 Stolzenberg No. 3 Stolzenberg No. 4
Canadian No. 2 Canadian No. 3
Woodstock Way-billing Four Bank Prototype

Oliver Portables

The British Oliver Manufacturing Company had various European portable typewriters branded as Oliver.

Oliver (Fortuna / S.I.M.)
Serial Number 3793Z | Made in 1931

Thomas Fürtig
Serial Number 25522 | Made in 1931
Serial Number 84327 | Made in 1933

Sirvent Vigo Mobiliario Contemporáneo
Sirvent Bros.
Serial Number 90024 | Made in 1935

Sammlung Historischer Schreibmaschinen
Monika & Berthold Kerschbaumer
Serial Number 112257 | Made in 1944

Thomas Furtig
Serial Number 112554 | Made in 1944

Thomas Furtig

The first portables branded with the Oliver name were manufactured in two locations by two different companies. One of these manufacturers was Fortuna Buromaschinen GmbH of Berlin, Germany. This company was formerly known as Stolzenberg-Fortuna, which used to distrubute Olivers in Germany as the Monopol-Stolzenberg and Stolzenberg. The other company that manufactured these early Oliver portables was known simply as Oliver Typewriter (Italy) Ltd., which was a registered corporation of Italy in 1930.

Between serial numbers 80000 and 90000, Oliver Typewriter (Italy) introduced a couple new body styles. For more information on the various name variants produced, see Oliver SIM MAS by typewriters.ch

. Navigation
SERIAL NO.
DATE
Navigation
OLIVER FORTUNA / S.I.M. INTRODUCED
001?
1931
3793Z
80000
1932
84000
1933
86750
1934
89500
1935
91750
1936
94000
1937
96750
1938
99000
1939
101750
1940
104500
1941
107250
1942
110000
1943
112250
1944
115000
1945
120000
1946
122000
1947
185574
LAST OLIVER FORTUNA / S.I.M. PRODUCED
214071

Oliver Portable (Patria)
Oliver Patria

Serial Number 5119476 | Made in 1951
Oliver Patria

Serial Number 5225810 | Made in 1952

After World War II, the British Oliver Manufacturing Company rebranded a Swiss machine called the Patria. These were branded simply as "Oliver Portable". They were available in black and grey.

Navigation
SERIAL NO.
DATE
Navigation
OLIVER PATRIA INTRODUCED
480001
1948
490001
1949
500001
1950
510001
1951
5119476
1951
520001
1952
5225810
1952
530001
1953
540001
1954
LAST OLIVER PATRIA PRODUCED
545000
1954
Oliver Courier
Oliver Courier
Serial Number 56-18785 | Made in 1956

Sammlung Historischer Schreibmaschinen
Monika & Berthold Kerschbaumer

Another Oliver portable was branded as the Oliver Courier. In Canada, this model was branded as "Eaton's" and "Simpson's" for their respective department stores. I have only seen the Simpson's in a dark green crinkle finish. The Oliver Courier was also sold as "Conquerer". All of these names mentioned were numbered with the Oliver Courier serial number scheme. This body style was also sold as a Patria, Japy, and Voss Privat. These names were not part of the Oliver Courier serial numbers.

There are two distinct styles of Oliver Courier. One style displays "Oliver Courier" on a recessed badge on the right-hand side of the cover. The other style displays the name centered on the cover. Similarly, the Simpson's variant also has two styles. One displays "Simpson's" on a badge on the right-hand side of the cover while the other has a decal centered on the cover.

Navigation
SERIAL NO.
DATE
Navigation
OLIVER COURIER INTRODUCED
54-0001
1954
55-5001
1955
55-15112
1955
55-20000
1955
56-10000
1956
56-40000
1956
57-32800
1957
57-42839
1957
A1/47628
1957
A1/53819
1957
BB/53820
1958
BM/73386
1959
CC/73387
1958
LAST OLIVER COURIER PRODUCED
CG/79832
1958
Oliver Consort/M-Series
Oliver MT 10
Oliver MT 10
Serial number 11192

The first Voss body style that was rebranded by Oliver was sold under various names including: Voss DeLuxe, S24, and M-Series. This body style is distinguished by having individual lids covering the ribbon spools as opposed to a one-piece top cover. This body style was sold as the Oliver Consort and Oliver M-Series.

From what I can tell, this body style was first introduced by Voss in 1952 and was manufactured until 1957. It would be logical that the Oliver Consort was produced around the same time. This body style branded with Oliver is quite scarce today. I know of less than half a dozen examples.

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SERIAL NO.
DATE
Navigation
OLIVER CONSORT/M-SERIES INTRODUCED
1952?
11192
LAST OLIVER CONSORT/M-SERIES PRODUCED
1957?
Oliver M-Series
Oliver MDT 10
Oliver MDT10
Serial Number 10748

In 1957, Voss updated the body style of their DeLuxe, S24, and M-Series machines. This new body style features a one-piece top cover as opposed to individual lids covering the ribbon spools. Both Voss and Oliver sold this body style as M-Series. I have seen Oliver M-Series models MDT 10, MT 10, and MT 13, which is a wide carriage MT 10. Any Voss M-series variation could have been theoretically produced as an Oliver M-Series.

The Oliver M-Series serial numbers appear to be a separate run from the Voss M-Series machines. Unfortunately, since hardly any of these Oliver M-Series portables seem to have survived, the range of serial numbers is unknown. Therefore, it is also unclear how many were produced. The Oliver M-Series machines were most likely discontinued when the British Oliver Manufacturing Company shut down in 1959, even though Voss manufactured machines until 1965.

Navigation
SERIAL NO.
DATE
Navigation
OLIVER M-SERIES INTRODUCED
1957?
10748
LAST OLIVER M-SERIES PRODUCED
1959?
Navigation

Sources
  1. Dingwerth, L. (2008). Kleines Lexikon Historischer Schreibmaschinen. Delbrück, Germany: Verlag Kunstgrafik Dingwerth GmbH.

  2. Sellers, A. (1994, December). The First Woodstock. ETCetera No. 29, 3.

  3. The Linotype Company. (1899, May). Battle of Detroit: An Impartial Account of the Fierce War Waged in the Board of Education By the Typewriter Trust Against the Oliver Typewriter, in the Year 1899. Montreal, Canada.

  4. Liste der Herstellungsdaten Gangbarer Schreibmaschinen, published by Wochenschrift für Papier, Otto Hoffmann. 1941, Verlag, Berlin.

  5. Liste der Herstellungsdaten Deutscher und Ausländischer Schreibmaschinen, 10 Auflage. 1955, Burghagen Verlag, Hamburg.

  6. Liste der Herstellungsdaten Deutscher und Ausländischer Schreibmaschinen mit Wichtigen Technischen Daten. Herbert F. W. Schramm. 11 Auflage, 1962, Burghagen Verlag, Hamburg.