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The Oliver Typewriter The Oliver Typewriter
No. 1 No. 2 No. 3 No. 5 No. 7 No. 9 No. 11
No. 4 No. 6 No. 8 No. 10 No. 12 No. 16
No. 15 (Gen. I) No. 16 Four Bank No. 20 No. 15 (Gen. II) No. 21 Remodelled
Fortuna / S.I.M. Patria Courier Eaton's Simpson's Consort M-Series
No. 3 (L) No. 5 (L) No. 6 (L) No. 7 (L) No. L-10 No. L-12 No. L-13 Revilo No. 5 Revilo No. 9
Courier Jacobi Jwic
Monopol-Stolzenberg No. 2 Monopol-Stolzenberg No. 3 Stolzenberg No. 3 Stolzenberg No. 4
Canadian No. 2 Canadian No. 3 Woodstock
Way-billing Four Bank Prototype

Latin American Olivers

Oliver No. 3
Oliver No. 3
Serial number 157526 | Made around 1906

Fernando Costa
Oliver No. 5
Oliver No. 5
Serial number 383463 | Made around 1913
Oliver No. 6
Oliver No. 6
Serial number D7505 | Made around 1905

Chestnut Ridge Typewriter Museum
Herman J. Price
Oliver No. 7
Oliver No. 7
Serial number 498492 | Made in 1914

The Oliver Typewriter Company manufatured typewriters for sale in Latin America beginning with the Oliver No. 3. Almost all of these machines were given a nickel plated base instead of the traditional olive green finish in hopes that the machines would better withstand the heat of the tropical climate. Unfortunately, this theory did not hold up well; many nickel plated machines are now flaking and covered in rust. There are very few examples of Latin American Olivers that were not nickel plated. I know of Olivers 3 and L-10 that are olive green but sold in Latin America with Spanish keyboards. It is likely there are other Latin American olive green models as well.

The only export Oliver I know to have been nickel plated is the Oliver No. 6. I have never seen a nickel plated model 4, 8, 10, or 12, but it is possible these models were also nickel plated. (Note that the L-10 is a nickel-plated 9 while L-12 and L-13 are nickel plated versions of the 11.)

Oliver No. L-10
Oliver No. L-10
Serial number 923370 | Made around 1920
Oliver No. L-10
Serial number 837932 | Made around 1920

Sirvent Vigo Mobiliario Contemporáneo
Sirvent Bros.

The Oliver No. L-10 is the nickel plated version of the Oliver No. 9. However, some Oliver L-10 machines were painted with the standard olive green paint. The Oliver L-10 was distributed by the William A. Parker Company for sale in Latin America, hence the "L" in L-10.

Some Oliver L-10 machines were given the typical gold decal on the front while others were given a red plaque.

Oliver No. L-10 Logo Oliver No. L-10 Plaque

It is hard to say how many L-10s were made because the serial numbers are intermixed with the Oliver No. 9s. However, they are very common and frequently get listed for sale on MercadoLibre Mexico.

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SERIAL NO.
DATE
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NO. 9 / NO. L-10 / REVILO NO. 9 INTRODUCED
551001
1915
ONLY KNOWN REVILO NO. 9
554030
1916
EARLIEST KNOWN NO. L-10
585889
800000
1919
ONLY KNOWN GREEN FINISH L-10
837932
LATEST KNOWN OLD KEY COVER
873975
KEY COVER CHANGED
875001?
EARLIEST KNOWN NEW KEY COVER
877799
EARLIEST KNOWN ALTERNATE KEYBOARD (A PREFIX), ALSO HAS X SUFFIX
A900380X
ALTERNATE KEYBOARD (A PREFIX) AND X SUFFIX
A928771X
LATEST KNOWN ALTERNATE KEYBOARD (A PREFIX) AND X SUFFIX
A975283X
EVERY NO. 9 AFTER HAS ALTERNATE KEYBOARD (EXCLUDES NO. L-10 WITH SPANISH KEYBOARD)
A980001
EARLIEST KNOWN OF CONSECUTIVE ALTERNATE KEYBOARD SEQUENCE
A980455
LAST NO. 9 PRODUCED
1000000
1922

Oliver No. L-12
Oliver No. L-12
Serial number B1015932 | Made around 1924

The Oliver No. L-12 is the first nickel plated version of the Oliver No. 11. The Oliver L-12 was distributed by the William A. Parker Company for sale in Latin America, hence the "L" in L-12.

All L-12 machines have a red plaque on the front, the style of which was first seen on some Oliver No. L-10 machines. The red has unfortunately faded off of the plaque on my machine- see below.

Oliver No. L-12 Plaque

The Oliver No. L-12 also has a black plaque on the back that describes the Oliver L-12 as a "silent model". It also lists the Parker Company as the general agent, or distributor, of the machine in Mexixo.

Oliver No. L-12 Back Plaque

Some model L-12 (also 11, 12, and L-13) serial numbers have a "B" prefix. The "A" prefix on Oliver No. 9 machines denotes an alternate keyboard. However, the "B" prefix does not correlate to the keyboard. Some machines with a "B" prefix have the alternate keyboard and so do some machines without it. I have yet to figure out what the "B" prefix means.

It is unknown exactly how many Oliver L-12 machines were made because the serial numbers are intermixed with those of the Olivers 11, 12, and L-13.

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SERIAL NO.
DATE
Navigation
NO. 11 / NO. 12 / NO. L-12 INTRODUCED
1000001
1922
EARLIEST KNOWN NO. L-12, EARLIEST KNOWN B PREFIX
B1003267
1922
1018000
1923
1020000
1924
EARLIEST KNOWN NO. 12
1021181
1924
1025000
1925
LATEST KNOWN NO. L-12
B1026139
LAST NO. L-12 PRODUCED
NO. L-13 INTRODUCED
EARLIEST KNOWN NO. L-13
1032141
1035000
1928
LATEST KNOWN NO. 11?
1049945?
1928
LAST NO. 11 PRODUCED
1050000?
1928

Oliver No. L-13
Oliver No. L-13
Serial number B1032566 | Made around 1926

The Oliver No. L-13 is the second nickel plated version of the Oliver No. 11. It replaced the Oliver No. L-12 as the current model offered for sale at the time in Latin America. This change occurs somewhere between serial numbers B1026139 and 1032141. The "L" in L-13 stands for "Latina", since the machine was sold in the Latin market. The Oliver L-13 differs from the L-12 in that it was distributed by Martinez and Rubio instead of William A. Parker Company, which distributed the L-12.

All L-13 machines have a red plaque on the front, similar to the plaque seen on some Oliver No. L-10 and all Oliver No. L-12 machines.

Oliver No. L-13 Plaque

The Oliver No. L-13 also has a black plaque on the back that lists the general agents, or distributors, of the machine as Martinez and Rubio.

Oliver No. L-13 Back Plaque

Some model L-13 (also 11, 12, and L-12) serial numbers have a "B" prefix. The "A" prefix on Oliver No. 9 machines denotes an alternate keyboard. However, the "B" prefix does not correlate to the keyboard. Some machines with a "B" prefix have the alternate keyboard and so do some machines without it. I have yet to figure out what the "B" prefix means.

It is unknown how many Oliver L-13 machines were made because the serial numbers are intermixed with Olivers 11, 12, and L-12. However, the L-13 seems to be much harder to find than the L-12, making it the rarest of these four models. I know of only five L-13 machines in existence.

Navigation
SERIAL NO.
DATE
Navigation
NO. 11 / NO. 12 / NO. L-12 INTRODUCED
1000001
1922
EARLIEST KNOWN NO. L-12, EARLIEST KNOWN B PREFIX
B1003267
1922
1018000
1923
1020000
1924
EARLIEST KNOWN NO. 12
1021181
1924
1025000
1925
LATEST KNOWN NO. L-12
B1026139
LAST NO. L-12 PRODUCED
NO. L-13 INTRODUCED
EARLIEST KNOWN NO. L-13
1032141
1035000
1928
LATEST KNOWN NO. 11?
1049945?
1928
LAST NO. 11 PRODUCED
1050000?
1928

Revilo Olivers

In Argentina, "Revilo" was used in place of "Oliver" for all Oliver typewriters, advertisements, ribbon tins, etc. This is because the Oliver name was already a registered trademark and could not be used by the Oliver Typewrier Company without them paying royalties. The Oliver Typewriter Company had to get creative and wrote "Oliver" backwards. Thus, the "Revilo" typewriter was born.

Theoretically, any standard or export Oliver model could have been sold as a Revilo. However, I only know of Revilo models 5 and 9. I know of a few Revilo 5 machines and only one Revilo 9 in existance.

Revilo No. 5
Revilo No. 5
Serial number 275198 | Made around 1912

© 2017 Auction Team Breker
Cologne, Germany | www.breker.com
Revilo No. 9
Revilo No. 9
Serial number 554030 | Made in 1915

Sirvent Vigo Mobiliario Contemporáneo
Sirvent Bros.
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Sources
  1. Dingwerth, L. (2008). Kleines Lexikon Historischer Schreibmaschinen. Delbrück, Germany: Verlag Kunstgrafik Dingwerth GmbH.

  2. Sellers, A. (1994, December). The First Woodstock. ETCetera No. 29, 3.

  3. The Linotype Company. (1899, May). Battle of Detroit: An Impartial Account of the Fierce War Waged in the Board of Education By the Typewriter Trust Against the Oliver Typewriter, in the Year 1899. Montreal, Canada.

  4. Liste der Herstellungsdaten Gangbarer Schreibmaschinen, published by Wochenschrift für Papier, Otto Hoffmann. 1941, Verlag, Berlin.

  5. Liste der Herstellungsdaten Deutscher und Ausländischer Schreibmaschinen, 10 Auflage. 1955, Burghagen Verlag, Hamburg.

  6. Liste der Herstellungsdaten Deutscher und Ausländischer Schreibmaschinen mit Wichtigen Technischen Daten. Herbert F. W. Schramm. 11 Auflage, 1962, Burghagen Verlag, Hamburg.