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The Oliver Typewriter The Oliver Typewriter
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No. 4 No. 6 No. 8 No. 10 No. 12 No. 16
No. 15 (Gen. I) No. 16 Four Bank No. 20 No. 15 (Gen. II) No. 21 Remodelled
Fortuna / S.I.M. Patria Courier Eaton's Simpson's Consort M-Series
No. 3 (L) No. 5 (L) No. 6 (L) No. 7 (L) No. L-10 No. L-12 No. L-13 Revilo No. 5 Revilo No. 9
Courier Jacobi Jwic
Monopol-Stolzenberg No. 2 Monopol-Stolzenberg No. 3 Stolzenberg No. 3 Stolzenberg No. 4
Canadian No. 2 Canadian No. 3 Woodstock
Way-billing Four Bank Prototype

A. Gregor & Co. Olivers

Courier
Courier
Serial number 11934 | Made in 1911
German "QWERTZ" keyboard

Sammlung Historischer Schreibmaschinen
Monika & Berthold Kerschbaumer
Courier
Courier
Serial number 14555 | Made in 1914
German "QWERTZ" keyboard

Sammlung Historischer Schreibmaschinen
Monika & Berthold Kerschbaumer
Jacobi
Jacobi
Serial number 11668 | Made in 1911
German "QWERTZ" keyboard

© 2017 Auction Team Breker
Cologne, Germany | www.breker.com
Jwic
Jwic
Serial number 12337 | Made in 1912

Štěpán Kučera

A. Greger & Co., a bicycle manufacturer in Vienna, Austria, produced the Oliver No. 3 rebranded as the Courier. This machine was also produced as the Jacobi for a German office equipment dealer in Munich. The name "Jacobi" was taken from A. Greger and Company's sewing machine division. I know of only three Jacobi machines in existence. The second variation of the Courier is the Jwic, which was produced for the Czech market. I only know of one Jwic in existence.

In 1914, A. Greger and Company updated their Courier machines. The traditional olive green paint was discontinued in favor of black paint. The logo on the paper table for the Courier changed from displaying "Courier" to "The Courier Typewriter". The ribbon reverse was changed to the style introduced on Oliver No. 5 machines. A backspacer was also added to when it was introduced on the Oliver No. 5.

The serial numbers for the Courier, Jacobi, and Jwic are intermixed. Based on known machines, I believe the first two digits of the serial number correspond to the year of manufacture. If this is correct, the running count reset each year, so less than 1000 machines were made per year. Since the earliest known Courier is 11488, this theory would indicate that production began in 1911. This theory also correlates to the introduction of the backspacer, which was introduced on the Oliver No. 5 in 1912. The earliest Courier/Jacobi/Jwic machine with a backspacer begins with "12" (12337). I have seen some sources claiming these machines were introduced in 1903, but I have yet to confirm this. It has also been said that production stopped in 1919 ending at serial number 19970, but this is incorrect; there is a Jacobi with serial number 20092. I believe machines were still being manufactured into 1920. Sources also claim these machines were still being assembled by 1924, and sold until 1927.

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SERIAL NO.
DATE
Navigation
COURIER / JACOBI / JWIC INTRODUCED
11001
1911?
EARLIEST KNOWN OF ALL 3 NAME VARIATIONS, EARLIEST KNOWN JACOBI
11488
1911?
LATEST KNOWN MADE IN 1911
11934
1911?
1911?
12001
1912?
BACKSPACER ADDED
1912?
ONLY KNOWN JWIC, EARLIEST KNOWN OF ALL 3 NAME VARIATIONS WITH BACKSPACER
12337
1912?
LATEST KNOWN MADE IN 1912
12983
1912?
1912?
13001
1913?
LATEST KNOWN MADE IN 1913
13276
1913?
1913?
UPDATED VERSION INTRODUCED
14001
1914?
1914?
EARLIEST KNOWN UPDATED VERSION
14094
1914?
LATEST KNOWN MADE IN 1914
14940
1914?
15001
1915?
LATEST KNOWN MADE IN 1915
15124
1915?
1915?
16001
1916?
LATEST KNOWN MADE IN 1916
16923
1916?
1916?
17001
1917?
LATEST KNOWN MADE IN 1917
17746
1917?
1917?
18001
1918?
LATEST KNOWN MADE IN 1918
18332
1918?
1918?
19001
1919?
19970
1919?
20001
1920?
LATEST KNOWN OF ALL 3 NAME VARIATIONS, LATEST KNOWN JACOBI
20092
1920?
LAST COURIER / JACOBI / JWIC PRODUCED
1920?

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Sources
  1. Dingwerth, L. (2008). Kleines Lexikon Historischer Schreibmaschinen. Delbrück, Germany: Verlag Kunstgrafik Dingwerth GmbH.

  2. Sellers, A. (1994, December). The First Woodstock. ETCetera No. 29, 3.

  3. The Linotype Company. (1899, May). Battle of Detroit: An Impartial Account of the Fierce War Waged in the Board of Education By the Typewriter Trust Against the Oliver Typewriter, in the Year 1899. Montreal, Canada.

  4. Liste der Herstellungsdaten Gangbarer Schreibmaschinen, published by Wochenschrift für Papier, Otto Hoffmann. 1941, Verlag, Berlin.

  5. Liste der Herstellungsdaten Deutscher und Ausländischer Schreibmaschinen, 10 Auflage. 1955, Burghagen Verlag, Hamburg.

  6. Liste der Herstellungsdaten Deutscher und Ausländischer Schreibmaschinen mit Wichtigen Technischen Daten. Herbert F. W. Schramm. 11 Auflage, 1962, Burghagen Verlag, Hamburg.